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People are not born knowing what is good for them; that is learned.
This theory states that humans are innately selfish.
“Everyone does what they really want to do otherwise, they wouldn’t do it”.(Ayn rand 66) Rand believed that humans are rational beings and maintained the idea that rational people will help others if they get something in return.
It is up to each person to determine what values his or her life requires, along with how best to achieve those values, and to act to achieve those values.
Rand’s ethic of self-interest is integral to her advocacy of classical liberalism.
Aristotle also stated that the “good” is what is objectively good for a particular man.
matches an equally provocative thesis about ethics.
In other words, the moral legitimacy of self-interest implies that individuals have rights to their lives, their liberties, their property, and the pursuit of their own happiness, and that the purpose of government is to protect those rights.
Leaving individuals free to pursue their own interests implies in turn that only a capitalist or free market economic system is moral: Free individuals will use their time, money, and other property as they see fit, and they will interact and trade voluntarily with others to mutual advantage.
That is to say that one’s own life and happiness are one’s highest values, and that one does not exist as a servant or slave to the interests of others.
Nor do others exist as servants or slaves to one’s own interests.