These barriers often lead to those nearest to the individual feel, whether real or perceived, a lack of empathy from the individual.When I think of Theory of Mind, I think of an amusing, but of course very inaccurate, belief I harbored as a young child.
In 1985 he formulated the mindblindness theory of autism, the evidence for which was collated in his 1995 book.
In 1997, he formulated the fetal sex steroid theory of autism, the key test of which was published in 2015.
When around someone who is crying, or in deep emotional pain, I often feel like crying with them, comforting them.
Many people with autism and Asperger's are very close to their pets, and are very nurturing and empathetic toward them.
It is the natural way in which we interpret, predict, and participate in social behavior and communication.
We ascribe mental states to people: states such as thoughts, desires, knowledge, and intentions.
So, where's the line between "normal" struggling, and "mindblindness?
"All this difficulty in understanding the thoughts and reactions of others lead many to say that people with autism or Asperger's lack empathy. Is it really a lack of empathy, or a lack of understanding? When a character in a movie or television show is embarrassed, I feel embarrassed for them.
Exploring possible causes, I begin to wonder - is it possible that the mindblindness is partially due to the differences between autistic and non-autistic thought processes?
Could it be that people with autism/Asperger's are less mindblind with others like themselves? I know that I feel more at ease, more "on the same wavelength" with others like me. On the wall in one of my childhood classrooms was a copy of Norman Rockwell's painting, "The Golden Rule." I recall staring at those words, day after day as we lined up in the doorway - "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you." It sank in.