If the source of the data is not the author's own, but obtained from another source, it becomes a secondary reference and needs to be cited as such.
Example: (United Nations, 1975, cited in Smith, 2016, p.33) If you use a table/graph, etc.
Figures include diagrams, graphs, sketches, photographs and maps.
If you are writing a report or an assignment where you include any visuals as figures, you must include a reference.
Spider diagrams are an excellent tool for creating an overview, and remembering it crisply.
They help distil complex topics onto a single memorable page by using a branching spatial organisation, colour and images.Borrowing from last week's blog, it's worth chucking in a pic of a thermostat on the twig of the Thermidorian revolution, to help recall that bit.Each of these twigs will subdivide again, with the focus on each subtopic this time.Here we'll divide the branches into four phases of the revolution.Then, let's zoom in to our branch entitled The Reign of Terror 1792-95. Well, we next add 'twigs' for the key things we might need to know about that period: the Execution of Louis XVI that began it, the Jacobins' Coup led by Robespierre, the Constitution of 1793, the terror itself, and the Thermidorian reaction that followed Robespierre's death.In the text Mention the image in the text and cite the author and date: The cartoon by Frith (1968) describes ...If the image has no named author, cite the full name and date of the image: The map shows the Parish of Maroota during the 1840s (Map of the Parish of Maroota, County of Cumberland, District of Windsor 1840-1849)List of references Frith J 1968, From the rich man’s table, political cartoon by John Frith, Old Parliament House, Canberra, accessed , If there is no named author, put the image title first, followed by the date (if available): Khafre pyramid from Khufu’s quarry 2007, digital photograph, Ancient Egypt Research Associates, accessed 2 August 2007, .A reference within the text to a table, graph, diagram, etc.taken from a source should include the author, date and page number in brackets to enable the reader to identify the data.All tables should be numbered and table captions should be above the table.You should provide an in-text citation for any photographs, images, tables, diagrams, graphs, figures or illustrations that you reproduce in your work.