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Seeking and consuming information can be addictive, you know. At the bottom of your assignment sheet, in bold print, your professor has written, “Please include appropriate APA citations.”You glance nervously at the MLA-style Works Cited you’ve started.Or, worse yet, at your list of raw URLs and notes like “p.The scenario: It’s Sunday evening, and you’ve fallen way down the rabbit hole as you research your topic for your psychology class research paper.
-The basic author-page citation format is: (Last Name X).
Example: (Smith 16) -Using a signal means you use the author’s name (or whatever is first in your works cited page) to signal a quotation or indirect citation.
What information you use in the in-text citation will depend upon the information you included in your works cited page.
For example, if you choose to use a signal to introduce your material, then that signal needs to be the first part of your works cited entry.
Parenthetical citations can contain all of the reference material within the parenthesis or they can use signal phrases, which may contain some of the information.
College Peer Pressure Essay - Citations In An Essay
How to properly use a parenthetical citation depends on the guidelines for the particular writing style you are using.
This guide will cover parenthetical citations for both MLA and APA.
MLA uses the author-page form of parenthetical citation.
Example (King James Bible, Genesis 1.4-5) -Some indirect citations will contain references to more than one work. I find that the district he named is in the extreme east of the country, just on the borders of three states, Transylvania, Moldavia, and Bukovinia, in the midst of the Carpathian mountains; one of the wildest and least known portions of Europe. By Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1970, Harper Collins, 2003. Article from an Online Scholarly Journal: The general format for an online-only scholarly journal is: Last, First. “An Unusual First Manifestation of Hodgkin Lymphoma: Epitrochlear Lymph Node Involvement- A Case Report and Brief Review of Literature. blogs.dickinson.edu/buddhistethics/files/2017/03/Kovan-Capital-Punishment-final-4 Indirect Citation: Of course, Kovan is not the first commentator to point out that because capital punishment cannot be undone, it requires a different approach than non-lethal punishments (64). Motion Pictures: , Directed by Rob Reiner, Performances by Cary Elwes, Robin Wright, Mandy Patinkin, and Chris Sarandon, Act III Communications, 1987.
To include multiple references, use a semi-colon between the references in your in-text citation. (1-2) Book with Multiple Authors: Last Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. For example, Pratchett and Gaiman describe God as playing games with the universe in a way that suggests more of a cruel indifference than actual malice (14). Short Citation: “On the first contact the bones of the girl seemed to become disjointed with a disorderly crunch like the sound of a box of dominoes” (Marquez 33). , , en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare, Accessed . Direct Quotation: Shakespeare’s “plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright” (“William Shakespeare”). “Article Name.” , vol., no., year of publication, URL or doi. Journal of Investigative Medicine: High Impact Case Reports, 5, 2, 10.1177/2324709617706709. Direct Citation: Yardimci and Yardimci noted that “in the histopathological examination of the bone marrow biopsy, no finding in favor of lymphoma was detected” (Yardimci and Yardimci). However, to highlight the role of various people, you might but a producer, director, or actor as the first person in your works cited.