Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Personality Essay

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Personality Essay-81
These are systems, not parts of the brain, or in any way physical.The id is the primitive and instinctive component of personality.It consists of all the inherited (i.e., biological) components of personality, including the sex (life) instinct – Eros (which contains the libido), and aggressive (death) instinct - Thanatos.

These are systems, not parts of the brain, or in any way physical.The id is the primitive and instinctive component of personality.It consists of all the inherited (i.e., biological) components of personality, including the sex (life) instinct – Eros (which contains the libido), and aggressive (death) instinct - Thanatos.

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For example, during the first two years of life, the infant who is neglected (insufficiently fed) or who is over-protected (over-fed) might become an orally-fixated person (Freud, 1905).

Freud (1923) saw the personality structured into three parts (i.e., tripartite), the id, ego, and superego (also known as the psyche), all developing at different stages in our lives.

It tends to use case studies for information gathering.

The nomothetic view, on the other hand, emphasizes comparability among individuals.

"Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristics behavior and thought" (Allport, 1961, p. “The characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique” (Weinberg & Gould, 1999).

Compare And Contrast Two Theories Of Personality Essay Free Compare And Contrast Essay

The idiographic view assumes that each person has a unique psychological structure and that some traits are possessed by only one person; and that there are times when it is impossible to compare one person with others.The ego develops in order to mediate between the unrealistic id and the external real world (like a referee).It is the decision-making component of personality The ego operates according to the reality principle, working our realistic ways of satisfying the id’s demands, often compromising or postponing satisfaction to avoid negative consequences of society.Personality development depends on the interplay of instinct and environment during the first five years of life.Parental behavior is crucial to normal and abnormal development.Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, whereas state theories such as Bandura's (1977) Social Learning Theory emphasize the role of nurture and environmental influence.Sigmund Freud's psychodynamic theory of personality assumes there is an interaction between nature (innate instincts) and nurture (parental influences).It is presumed that individuals differ in their traits due to genetic differences.These theories are sometimes referred to a psychometric theories, because of their emphasis on measuring personality by using psychometric tests.Traits predispose one to act in a certain way, regardless of the situation.This means that traits should remain consistent across situations and over time, but may vary between individuals.

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