The relationships between higher-order thinking skills, cognitive density, and social presence in online learning.
Evaluating critical thinking skills: Two conceptualizations.
Get your head into the clouds: Using word clouds for analyzing qualitative assessment data. doi:10.1007/s11528-014-0750-9 Darabi, A., Arrastia, M.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(3), 216-227. Journal of Special Education Technology, 25(2), 68-72.
Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.
He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. Cultivating critique: A (humanoid) response to the online teaching of critical thinking. Broadening the notion of participation in online discussions: Examining patterns in learners’ online listening behaviors. Learning methods for teacher education: the use of online discussions to improve critical thinking. Fostering critical thinking through effective pedagogy: Evidence from four institutional case studies. However, there is a challenge in providing college students opportunities to clearly demonstrate these skills in online courses. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 8(2), 25-41. This research explores the effectiveness of incorporating word clouds–visual representations of word frequency in a given passage of text–into online discussions. We sought to establish whether implementing word clouds in online discussions would result in a higher incidence of critical thinking and engagement. Encourage students to read through use of data visualization. doi:10.1080/87567555.2011.580638 Baralt, M., Pennestri, S., & Selvandin, M. Action research: Using wordles to teach foreign language writing. Survey results from undergraduate participants (n=132) revealed that students analyzing text in word clouds reported moderately higher scores on critical thinking and engagement than students analyzing the text in a linear fashion. Using word clouds for reflection and discussion in an online class. Using engagement strategies to facilitate children’s learning and success. Journal of Teaching and Learning with Technology, 1(1), 35-41.