Furthermore, critical thinking, because it involves our working out afresh our own thinking on a subject, and because our own thinking is always a unique product of our self-structured experience, ideas, and reasoning, is intrinsically a new "creation", a new "making", a new set of cognitive and affective structures of some kind.All thinking, in short, is a creation of the mind's work, and when it is disciplined so as to be well-integrated into our experience, it is a new creation precisely because of the inevitable novelty of that integration.
The questions are designed such that the answers can only be gotten from considering multiple possibilities of the solution.
In this interview for Think magazine (April ’’92), Richard Paul provides a quick overview of critical thinking and the issues surrounding it: defining it, common mistakes in assessing it, its relation to communication skills, self-esteem, collaborative learning, motivation, curiosity, job skills for the future, national standards, and assessment strategies.
The dimension of critical thinking least understood is that of "intellectual standards." Most teachers were not taught how to assess thinking through standards; indeed, often the thinking of teachers themselves is very "undisciplined" and reflects a lack of internalized intellectual standards.
If we are trying to foster quality thinking, we don't want students simply to assert things; we want them to try to reason things out on the basis of evidence and good reasons.
" I think you will first find that the person is puzzled about what you mean.
And then when you explain what you mean, I think you will find that the person is not able to articulate any such standards.
The following quiz is designed to give an idea of Critical Thinking abilities.
The reader is encouraged to spend as much time as possible on each problem to find the solution.
One is not doing good critical thinking, therefore, if one is not solving any problems. There is no way to solve problems effectively unless one thinks critically about the nature of the problems and of how to go about solving them.
If there is no problem there is no point in thinking critically. Thinking our way through a problem to a solution, then, is critical thinking, not something else.