Durkheim And Law Essays

Durkheim And Law Essays-11
However, his controversial beliefs that religion and morality could be explained in terms purely of social interaction earned him many critics. France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War led to the fall of the regime of Napoleon III, which was then replaced by the Third Republic.

However, his controversial beliefs that religion and morality could be explained in terms purely of social interaction earned him many critics. France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War led to the fall of the regime of Napoleon III, which was then replaced by the Third Republic.

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Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Plato, Herbert Spencer, Aristotle, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Auguste Comte.

This meant the first of many conflicts with the French academic system, which had no social science curriculum at the time.

Durkheim found humanistic studies uninteresting, turning his attention from psychology and philosophy to ethics and eventually, sociology.

The entering class that year was one of the most brilliant of the nineteenth century and many of his classmates, such as Jean Jaurès and Henri Bergson, would go on to become major figures in France's intellectual history.

At the ENS, Durkheim studied under the direction of Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, a classicist with a social scientific outlook, and wrote his Latin dissertation on Montesquieu.Durkheim, a Jew and a staunch supporter of the Third Republic with a sympathy towards socialism, was thus in the political minority, a situation that galvanized him politically.The Dreyfus affair of 1894 only strengthened his activist stance.Durkheim was also deeply preoccupied with the acceptance of sociology as a legitimate science.He refined the positivism originally set forth by Auguste Comte, promoting what could be considered as a form of epistemological realism, as well as the use of the hypothetico-deductive model in social science.William James, John Dewey, Fustel de Coulanges, Jean-Marie Guyau, Charles Bernard Renouvier, John Stuart Mill Marcel Mauss, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Talcott Parsons, Maurice Halbwachs, Jonathan Haidt, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Bronisław Malinowski, Fernand Braudel, Pierre Bourdieu, Charles Taylor, Henri Bergson, Emmanuel Levinas, Steven Lukes, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, E. Evans-Pritchard, Mary Douglas, Paul Fauconnet, Robert N.Bellah, Ziya Gökalp, David Bloor, Randall Collins, Neil Smelser 15 April 1858 – 15 November 1917) was a French sociologist. Du Bois, Karl Marx and Max Weber—is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.Durkheimian terms such as "collective consciousness" have since entered the popular lexicon. Much of his work was dedicated to demonstrating that religious phenomena stemmed from social rather than divine factors.While Durkheim chose not to follow in the family tradition, he did not sever ties with his family or with the Jewish community.As Durkheim indicated in several essays, it was in Leipzig that he learned to appreciate the value of empiricism and its language of concrete, complex things, in sharp contrast to the more abstract, clear and simple ideas of the Cartesian method.From this position Durkheim helped reform the French school system and introduced the study of social science in its curriculum. Durkheim's interest in social phenomena was spurred on by politics.

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