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Historians generally agree, however, that Carver was not born in 1860 because he is not included in another important document of the period, the 1860 slave schedule.This document includes Carver’s mother and his brother, Jim, but not George.
They encouraged Carver to enroll in nearby Simpson College where he studied piano and art.
After a year, however, Carver transferred to the State Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, to study agriculture.
When George was just a few months old, he and his mother were kidnapped from the Carver farm by a band of men who roamed Missouri during the Civil War The Civil War was a military conflict that began on April 12, 1861, when Southern forces fired on Fort Sumter outside of Charleston, South Carolina. As other Confederate forces heard the news of Lee's surrender, they surrendered as well and the war was soon over.
Several Southern states had seceded from the United States (also known as the Union) and formed the Confederate States of America (also referred to as the Confederacy) out of fear that the United States' newly elected president, Abraham Lincoln, would not allow the expansion of slavery into new western states. Over half a million men were killed or wounded in the war. After the war, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution were passed prohibiting slavery, providing equal protection for all citizens, and barring federal and state governments from denying citizens the right to vote due to their race, color, or status as a former slave. These outlaws hoped to sell George and his mother elsewhere.
1870 Federal Census, listing Moses and Susan Carver and their former slaves, George and his older brother, James.
In the 1870 Census, George Carver is recorded as being ten years old.As Carver worked tirelessly in his laboratory from 1900 to 1920, his fame grew.He became widely known for his agricultural experiments.He earned his bachelor’s degree in 1894 and a graduate degree in 1896.In 1896, George Washington Carver left Iowa to take a job with Booker T. There he conducted agricultural research and taught students until his death.A monument showing Carver as a boy was the first national memorial erected in honor of an African American.George Washington Carver was born on a farm near Diamond, Missouri, in Newton County about 1865.It depicts George Washington Carver as a boy and is mounted on a large limestone rock.The boy Carver statue was dedicated at the George Washington Carver National Monument of July 17, 1960.The chief sponsor of the legislation to create the monument was Missouri native Harry S. A bust of Carver by Audrey Corwin, mounted on a brick base, was also dedicated at this ceremony.[SHS 007935; Massie-Missouri Resources Commission photo] Statue of George Washington Carver as a boy, located at the George Washington Carver National Monument near Diamond, Missouri.