John Brown Raid On Harpers Ferry Essay

Brown himself may not have been entirely clear on what the next step would be, but he had convinced a number of Northern abolitionists to provide financial support for his actions, here and elsewhere.Brown’s raiders captured a number of prisoners, including George Washington’s great-grand-nephew, Lewis Washington.

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On the other side, many defenders of slavery were also pouring into Kansas, in order to secure it for the pro-slavery faction. Senator from Massachusetts, was severely beaten with a cane on the Senate floor by Senator Preston Brooks of South Carolina because of verbal attacks the virulently anti-slavery Sumner had made on another South Carolinian.

On May 21, 1856, Missouri "border ruffians" attacked the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, pillaging and burning. Rumors spread that the border ruffians intended to attack the anti-slavery settlers on Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas; Brown and his family were among the abolitionists in this sharply divided area.

The "unjust enactments" included the Constitution, the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Dred Scott decision of 1857.

Initial reports of the raid on Harpers Ferry in Southern newspapers tended to view it as an isolated incident, the work of a mad fanatic and his followers.

After the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 gave citizens of those two territories the right to choose for themselves whether the territories would permit or prohibit slavery, Brown, like many abolitionists, moved to Kansas, taking five of his sons with him.

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Fervent members of the abolition movement were determined that when the territory was ready to enter the Union as a state, it would do so as a free state.

Less than a year after her passing, he married a 16-year-old named Mary Anne Day. Brown was not a particularly good businessman, and what skills he had declined as his thinking became more metaphysical.

He bought and sold several tanneries, engaged in land speculation, raised sheep, and established a brokerage for wool producers, but his financial situation deteriorated.

Hanged for treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, Brown quickly became a martyr among those seeking to end slavery in America.

John Brown was born May 9, 1800 in Torrington, Connecticut, but spent much of his youth in Ohio.


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