Poverty Essay Thesis

The first step to eliminating or, at least, reducing the poverty is to realize the existing problem.Unfortunately, the authorities always try to avoid noticing this in order not to make any actions.

Poverty is not having a job, is fear for future, living one day at a time (“What is poverty? In general, poverty is when a person cannot buy the most needed things: food, shelter, medication, clothes and always lives in uncertainty. It is strange, but even in the best economically developed countries, there are very poor people.

There are also some deeper causes like history, wars and political instability, national debt, discrimination and social inequality, corruption, social inequality, and this is not a complete list.

But the task of the governments and us is to make all the possible efforts to change the situation and help at least the nations that are most in need.

The term feminization of poverty was first coined by Diana Pierce in 1976 in an attempt to describe the changing demography of the poor in the United States since 1960.

Some of the countries cannot escape from poverty by themselves.

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Developing countries need some help from developed countries, especially, in terms of education and industrialization. Despite being rich in natural resources, they cannot take advantage of it due to the lack of funds to build special infrastructure to extract and exploit them (“World’s Poorest Countries”, 2013) For example, Nigeria has already managed to find the sources for developing this business, and now is the largest nation that produces oil for the whole world (“History of the Nigerian Petroleum Industry”, 2015) Of course, as it was stated above, this problem existed, exists and probably will exist forever.One key explanation for the feminization of poverty in the early 1970s was a change in family structure, particularly in the number of female-headed households created by divorce.The divorce rate steadily climbed from the 1960s until 1979, and in divorces where children were involved, women were more likely to receive custody.Black female-headed households are more likely to be in poverty than are white female-headed households.This disparity is related to historical differences in access to good jobs and residential segregation, both resulting in part from racism and discrimination.Widowed women could expect access to their husbands’ benefits; divorced women could not. government implemented many policies with the goal of reducing poverty, some of which were targeted toward women and children.Longer life expectancy among women, as well as an increased desire to live independently, place elderly women at a greater risk of living at or near the poverty line. Early means-tested welfare policies, such as Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), provided cash transfers to low-income mothers caring for their children that could be used for housing, food, or other expenses.The feminization of poverty is not solely the experience of single women and their children.The elderly compose a nontrivial proportion of the poor or near-poor, with elderly women disproportionately represented.There are a lot of negative effects that poverty has.In the poor districts, the crime rate is much higher, and the accidents of poisoning by water or food are more frequent in poor countries as well.

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