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According to 2003 estimates, about 150 million Americans reside in this area, making it the fourth most populated coastal region after the Northeast, the Pacific, and the Great Lakes Regions (Cutter & Gall, 2006).As of 2005, New Orleans had a population of half a million people, with 67% of these being African Americans.
Poverty was not the only issue at play as gender and social decline also prevailed.
As an example, the most affected homes were those headed by single mothers.
Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast on the morning of August 29, 2005, while packing 145-mile-an- hour winds as it landed (Treaster & Zernike, 2005).
The hurricane left parts of the city below sea level and left over a million people homeless.
Global warming is expected to drive changes in the frequency, timing, location, and severity of these extreme events in future.
Luckily for the people of New Orleans, Katrina had weakened from a category 5 to a strong Category 3 before making landfall on August 29.
As earlier stated, Louisiana had the most deaths in the Gulf and this can be attributed to other factors such as poverty differences among racial and ethnic groups.
67% of the New Orleans population at the time was comprised of African-Americans and still 25% of the population lived below the poverty line.
Educational institutions were also temporarily closed as did many hospitals which became flooded.
In the immediate aftermath of the hurricane tens of thousands of people were evacuated to other parts of the nation but even after the hurricane had subsided the city continued bleeding people, losing about 30% of its population over a period of 10 years after the hurricane.