World Water Crisis Photo Essay

In the wider community, markets usually mean agricultural water ends up being transferred from farms to municipal or industrial users.But water markets are not cheap or easy to set up and are often complicated in systems where water rights are tied to land.Barbier gives three examples of areas where it’s been implemented, with varying levels of success: Australia’s Murray-Darling River basin, Chile and parts of the western United States.

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Looking beyond markets, Barbier also points to water and sanitation services that fail to cover the full price of the infrastructure and services.

A better pricing scheme would involve two important components, he explains.

Barbier takes a hundred pages explaining the gravity of the problem and how we got to where we are today.

It’s good information if you’re new to understanding the water crisis.

World Water Day, on 22 March every year, is about focusing attention on the importance of water.

This year’s theme, ‘Leaving no one behind’, adapts the central promise of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that as sustainable development progresses, everyone must benefit. It's a sentiment we've heard since the national media and presidential campaigns swept through this city in crisis.As we approach 2017, the three-year anniversary of the start of Flint's water crisis, it bears repeating.But if there’s a market where you can sell some of it, you’re more likely to use it efficiently and sell what you save.Markets used by the agricultural sector often result in water going from low-value crops to high-value crops.And while we’ve taken small steps to improve efficiency and conservation, we’ve yet to adequately address the scale of the problem.“Why we continue to ignore the impending threat of a global water crisis — despite water being the most essential resource for human existence and survival — is the great facing humankind today,” he writes.He could’ve dug a little deeper into how to avoid potential pitfalls when it comes to environmental concerns: Rivers don’t usually have big checkbooks, and some their “value” isn’t easily quantified.How do we make sure ecological health is protected when markets move water to the highest bidder? The movement of water from agricultural lands to cities (so-called “low-value to high-value” uses) has resulted in the “buy and dry” phenomenon in places like Colorado where agricultural communities are drying up and water transfers are fueling more urban sprawl — creating another set of problems.This will only get worse with climate change and population growth, and as it does it will exacerbate food insecurity and inequality — in both rich and poor nations.As bad as this sounds, it’s not an unsolvable problem, according to a new book, , by Edward B. Barbier, a senior scholar at Colorado State University’s School of Global Environmental Sustainability and a professor of economics, explains that our approach to solving water shortages with drastic measures in the moment of crisis isn’t a cost-effective strategy and won’t solve our long-term problems.

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