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Some schools consider writing skills to be more important than others.
Harvard University is an example of an institution that values all TOEFL scores equally (the minimum total score for most programs is 100, with at least 25 on each section).
It is also common for universities to consider i BT total scores only and to have no specific requirements with respect to the writing section.
Students first read a brief text on a general or academic topic, and then listen to a portion of a lecture on that same topic.
An essay prompt asks students to summarize what was discussed in the lecture and how it either supports or undermines the content of the reading passage.
Even in these cases, poor writing skills can be harmful to student prospects because low writing scores will obviously affect an applicant's ability to receive the expected total score.
Independent researchers have explored the validity of the i BT writing section from a variety of perspectives.On the TOEFL i BT writing section, students must complete two written essays.Total section timing is 50 minutes, which is divided into a 20-minute segment for an integrated writing task and a 30-minute block for an independent writing task.On the actual test, this exercise will be referred to as "Writing Based on Reading and Listening." The suggested length of the essay is 150-225 words.On the i BT independent writing task, students write an essay in response to a prompt that can deal with a wide variety of general topics.The independent writing task is also known as "Writing Based on Knowledge and Experience." As indicated by the directions that accompany the essay prompt, the most effective independent essays are usually at least 300 words in length.While preparing for the i BT writing section, test-takers should focus primarily on developing the ability to address the relevant tasks in concise fashion.A doctoral dissertation written at Georgia State University in 2011 found "empirical evidence" that the two types of writing tasks included on the i BT writing section each elicited distinctive forms of writing, "thus justifying the concurrent use of them on an exam." A master's thesis written at the University of Illinois in 2010 asserted that writing section scores can serve as an "additional reference" for appropriate placement in remedial English courses.A 2013 paper found that the essay scores given by human graders could be predicted by certain "linguistic features" associated with complexity and sophistication (such as diversity of word choice, use of prepositional phrases, and variable sentence structures).Pay special attention to answering the specific questions asked within the suggested essay wordcounts (students will not be rewarded for excessively long essays; in fact, they will almost certainly be penalized for too much irrelevant content).It is also crucial for students to practice writing essays within the i BT writing section's time constraints.